Warren county cellar train


A unique and seasonal blade, carried in mid-September, floated to the main and side roads, parallel to the Delaware River, at the Phillipsburg Lehigh Junction station, a time sign and a sign that it was time for wine, one of the many products of the autumn harvest. But, before discovering the harvests of ears that had produced the last grapes, you should first access a local winery, specifically, in the vineyards of Villa Milagro, located about eight kilometers from # 39 here to Finnesville. This experience, combined with rails, would give rise to what was called the "Warren County Winery Train." But, why the lanes?

A look over my left shoulder rising up the hill towards an imposing brick building, painted now green, more indicated. Just like a book of history of life of total size, it revealed its past. I was once the station of the Phillipsburg Union, and I recorded it on which I faced the clues while waiting for my wine – or at least my method of getting-represented, but a shadow of the old railroad in the city.

"Never both should meet" says the proverb, but he did it here, if "twain" could be defined as "train." Located in the west of New Jersey, on the edge of the Lehigh Valley region and on the state line (here this line is actually a river) with Pennsylvania, Phillipsburg was incorporated as a city by a law of the New Jersey legislature on March 8, 1861, is today the largest city in Warren County, reflected by its sister, Easton, through water.

But this water, sometimes more than anything else, is rising. Located at the confluence of the Delaware and Lehigh rivers, it naturally evolves as a transportation center, connected, through the Morris channel, to the industrial and commercial centers of the city of New York as of the 1820s and towards the # 39 ; west, through the Lehigh Canal.

After the negotiation of waterway barges, goods and goods were transferred to one of the five main railways, all of them also converged here: New Jersey Central Railway, Lehigh Railway and Hudson Railway, Lehigh Railway Railway , the Delaware, Lackawanna, and Western Railroad, and the Pennsylvania Railway. The local transport was facilitated by five tramways and interurban railroads.

All these trains needed more than the gravel crack in which I began to process passengers and products, and part of this deficiency was remedied by Union Station, located on 178 South Main Street and built by Frank J. People, architect for the Lackawanna, in 1914. It was also used by the Central.

Symbolic of the great era of city railroads, was the last vestige of which once it covered a complex of seasons, roundabouts, toasters, interlaced towers, signaling bridges and coal pockets. After having served as the headquarters of a political campaign, a pharmacy, a banking computer center and a sports goods store, it is occupied today by the New Jersey Transport Heritage Center, which members They are restaurant in turn, Splendor of the twentieth century. However, the negotiation of the necessary tools and equipment (and the resulting pulse) offers a view of the windows and waiting areas, along with a n-gauge railroad design and some artefacts.

Where are all trains going? Like many other American cities, either by main lines or by branches, the wheels were transferred from the rails to the roads or to the skies, reducing the demand that caused reductions until the city had closed its book to the # 39; railroad season The Lackawanna, for example, had executed its last passenger train to Phillipsburg in 1941 and New Jersey Transit followed four decades later, in 1983.

Nowadays, the area is only served by two rail concerns. The first, the Norfolk and the south, operated the freight trains and accessed Phillipsburg through the previous railroad of Lehigh Valley, crossing the river over Lehigh Rail Bridge and Hudson River. The second was a tourist railway, the Belvidere and Delaware (Bel-Del) railroad, which operated under the name of the Delaware River Rail Trip to Riegelsville.

With the purity of that, I could now feel that the fermented liquid was drooping down the throat, as it would take me to the most important vineyard. But first he had to run on the rails before he could reach this point.


This railroad hardly got smooth to reach where it is today. In fact, his own trip, characterized by obstacles and setbacks, was a circuit-and often without trace and the rolling stock necessary to use it. Once again, the situation was not as ironic as anticipated, since establishing a railroad was never the intention from the beginning.

Its origins were with Susquehanna of New York and the Technical and Historical Society of the West, a non-profit educational group founded in 1988 with eight members to restore engines and trainers and preserve the history of the railway New Jersey. With this the first idea arose to establish the Museum of Transport of New Jersey mentioned previously.

The wheels rolled for the first time, at least in the direction of their restaurant destination, with the self-propelled passenger car, 1950 Budd RDC-1 (M-1) of the United Historical Historical Railway Historical , intended for the museum.

The initial operations of the train were not their own, but they opened the way (a long way) towards him. Its members, along with the other group, had New Jersey Transit assumed in Hawthorne for skiing and Vernon reasons in the early 1990s, thus providing the # 39 experience ; initial accommodation of events provided by rail.

After the United Historical Railway Historical Society signed a rental contract for the home of the Morris County County in Newfoundland and four former members of the same County of Morris County began working on M-1 in July , the need to support funds, and the lanes that he had hosted, Susquehanna of New York and the Technical and Historical Society of the West chose to expand this effort, making trips with full dining service on the line Susquehanna.

In shine like a precious stone finishing for a jeweler, the restored M-1, periodically removed from the motor home, referred to consider interests and operated the test trip to Sparta on September 12, 1992 Although it only showed when it was started, it was already ready to use – or, more appropriately, to walk – and the public was eager to try it, in fact, in fact, that The tourist trips began later that month at Whippany, it had been cooked with one that was overcome at the end of the Christmas season, which required an increase in the unproductive capacity of its 88 existing seats to 117 with temporary folding chairs and the # 39 ; hosting five children to a seat bench.

Historic and scenic tourist trains were very new, but those that operated with single-lane buses, self-propelled, could not adjust to the demand to connect it to another car, simply because society did not have any. However, an exploration trip to Tennessee produced two – as in "two more" – an M-2 purchased by him and an M-4 bought by some of its members.

With the intention of operating their own trips, New York Susquehanna and Western bought a Mikado SY steam engine from the Railroad Valley.

Despite what appeared to be more and more green signals, the terrorist attacks of September 11 suddenly became red, their requirements of liability insurance derived and banned for steam machine operations, leaving the Susquehanna He chose little but sold to the company the engine that he could no longer afford to operate on his own track. Leasing of their cars, along with other rail concerns, was able to open their own service, using the New Jersey Transit tracks.

Financing has now been his own obstacle. Climbing New Jersey traffic and traffic inspection rates left practically no trace. Again, I did not have any coach who was asleep at his locomotive, even if he had the rails to do it.

This last problem was solved when the Pullman Galley buses from Long Island Railroad 3/2 were purchased and the Pullman Galley two-level ex-Metra of 1960 (from Chicago), and these were added to the list of # 39; Equipment of vital importance, which now included the three SPV-2000s of 1980 (M-1 to M-4), the steam engine, and the 18-meter Plymouth locomotive previously obtained, from 1938.

But rail journeys were not always smooth, especially this, and another company seemed imminent to write its history with its wheels at Phillipsburg, a place chosen from the state transportation museum. The Black River and the Western Railway, owners of the Belvidere and Delaware River Railways and operators of their own train trains between Flemington and Ringoes, acquired a Brill Model 55 motor car with gas for this purpose.

But, unlike the many pending events that had characterized its historical journey, it went to a synergistic coupling and not in the competitive impact so far envisaged. This automobile assembly, which represented its association, saw the inauguration of the weekend windsurfing service on May 1, 2004 from the first 5 miles of the roads of Belvidere and Delaware River Pennsylvania railways, established in 1854 and expanded by two miles in 2006 and another 900 two years after that. The members of the company, for the first time, graduated from coaches to drivers and full-fledged engineers in the process.

The sooner the train was diverted to Lehigh train station, the wine would be placed over the tongue.


The energetic day, sending the smell of autumn to the senses, was suddenly attacked by a soot. It emerged from the natural tunnel of the foliage that surrounded the track and was under the horse that had, just moments before, the support of an extended freight train from Norfolk and South, a red wiring and four trainers "Susquehanna" is they hit the Lehigh Junction station for Belvidere and the Mikado 2-8-2 coal combustion steam engine machine of the Delaware River Railway, number 142, built for the works of the Tang Shen locomotive the People's Republic of China in 1989 and named Walter G Rich after the late, general director of New York, Susquehanna and Western.

A brief braking brake, meant by a shout, caused the gathered crowd to approach and then move through the open door. I settled in the last car, # 533-one of the Long Island railroad trainers with lockover seats and a blue interior, and reserved for the winery's passengers. Just halfway through, surely it would provide enough space for what would be full, that is, the wine bottles bought in the vineyard.

Once more, releasing a belly bulbous gray from his cell and a whistle that took off the weave in the morning, the locomotive gave a gentle push to their cars, while they glided back under the horse and they were tuned into a rhythmic balance And clack to the current of the surface of the Mica gland of the Delaware River now visible through the windows on the right.

On the other side of the river, on the site of Williamsport, were the so-called "Forks of Delaware", or the union of the Lehigh and Delavare rivers, the point of conversion of the Lehigh, Delaware and Morris channels.

On the southern edge of Raubsville, which was also next to Pennsylvania, there was a double Ground Hog Lock on the Delaware Channel, and its deepest, 17 feet, next to which was the # 39 turbine ; hydroelectric power that was powered by water channels.

Based on constant seeds and smoke in the locomotive, trainers and the ring, the tree tunnel is often bored, that the trees seemed to be uniformly covered in the brown autumn bushes. In spite of its lack of brilliance, a strange owl of oatmeal autumn has often highlighted the collage.

Passing below the bridge that led Interstate 78 from New Jersey to Pennsylvania, the train was cut through Carpentersville, once the location of a Bel-Del station and now little more than a village formed by a dispersion of old houses. A narrow path, as if it were compressed by a vice, was moving away between the roads and the cliffs.

On the rise, as two medieval monoliths beyond the third grade level, there were two limestone kilns, a part of the almost two dozen that had adorned the area and were fed by coal, which had been transported by these same clues. After the locally staggered limestone was used in powder suitable for soil preparation and the mixture with mortar, it had been transported by railroad for Flemington, Trenton and Monmouth County.

The trainers continued to influence the same perception that I was expecting after my wine, although the train had not been in motion.

After a final explosion of ash and ash created with coal, and a last shot of the brakes, the train stopped motion, still immersed in a dense foliage, now short of Riegelsville, a unique place of a another Bel-Del station.

My dry throat, anticipating an oasis of the vineyard in which I did not look externally at anything like a desert, was preparing for lubrication, but the last mile of the trip, unable to be Completed by the train due to still unmet paths, it required transfer to a yellow school bus. (Of course, I had forgot to do my homework).

Riegelsville itself was the location of one of the few remaining bridges of highways on the road, with continuous cables. Designed by John A. Roebling and Sons of Trenton -they were the architects of Brooklyn and Golden Gate curbs-connected the Pohatcong municipality to Riegelsville, Pennsylvania, and replaced the tri-span wood covered area Built in 1837 and used for traffic on foot, horse and wagon. Destroyed by a flood in 1903, he lent his pillars to the current bridge, which opened on April 18 of the next year.

Following the narrow and parallel road of tracking and diverting the boundary of the historic city, the bus moved up through a steep hill, passing through a ceramic silo and opened its way through the wheat plants of Moor at the Villa Miraflores vineyards of 104 acres, located in the Warren Hills Appellation and owned by Steve and Audrey Gambino.

Outstanding for its use of organic and sustainable practices to provide a protective habitat for autochthonous bird and plant species, it produced ten varieties of grapes mixed in the traditional European style to create complex wines.

A route fleeing the fields, grapes, fermentation and wine-growing processes finally led to the tasting room and half a dozen varieties, from Merlots to Cabernet Sauvignons to Shirazes, accompanied by warm hosts finally enabled I get to my physical and culinary destination.

Like the clinking of two glasses, my rail car, which he had previously given back, seemed to provide what he had before him, as his voltage couplings caused a momentary shake and steam and steam locomotive pushed the along the parallel river Follow the path to Phillipsburg in the opposite direction. With the wine I had, at least I felt this way.

Source by Robert Waldvogel

Pay-On-Death Account or Totten Trust in California

A special bank account commonly referred to as a Totten Trust in California is the topic of this article. This is a simple and effective method to avoid probate which is also known as a payable-on-death (POD) bank account. A POD account is basically a bank account for which you name a beneficiary, who inherits the funds in the account after your death. The budget crisis now affecting the Courts in California for the past several years has resulted in long delays in obtaining a hearing date, thus avoiding the time and expense of probate court proceedings is vital.

Naming a beneficiary using this particular method will not have any consequences while you are still alive. The beneficiary has no rights to the money during your life. This means that the beneficiary cannot withdraw any money, and that the money is not considered an asset of the beneficiary if the beneficiary gets divorced, runs up debt and is sued by creditors, or files for bankruptcy.

POD accounts are widely used for the simple reason that they provide an easy way to transfer money at death without the hassle and expense of lengthy probate court proceedings. Setting up a POD account or turning an existing savings or checking account into a POD account involves filling out some paperwork provided by the bank, naming the POD beneficiary. The documents must be turned into the bank, so that the bank has a record of who the beneficiary is.

You can close the account, withdraw some or all of the funds, or name a different beneficiary at any time. The money in the account isn’t protected from your creditors; it’s just like any other bank account.

It’s that simple. After your death, the beneficiary simply goes to the bank and collects the funds in the account. In California there is a short waiting period of 40 calendar days before a bank will release funds, but no probate court proceeding is required. Usually, all that’s required by most banks is evidence of the death such as a certified copy of the death certificate and proof of the identity of the beneficiary. Banks have been doing this for years, and they’re very familiar with the process as they are the ones who provide the forms on which account the owners designate their beneficiaries. Most credit unions are also familiar with this process as well.

This is a relatively simple method to avoid the time and expense of probate court that is underutilized.

An equitable and balanced review of Ambit Energy

Depending on the increasing prices of energy and electricity, Ambit Energy seems to be a more profitable alternative to your high power bills. Given the volatile nature of the economy, the odds are low, costs will fall off soon. If you keep paying the economic bills or see what Ambit Energy has to offer.

What is Ambit Energy?

Ambit Energy was founded in 2006 by two friends, Jere Thompson Jr. and Chris Chambless. One day, at breakfast, the issue of energy deregulation was raised and they saw the opportunity to provide low energy cost options to the market. Starting here, the company took off and is now supervised by more than 250,000 independent consultants. In 2008, the company had revenues of 200 million dollars, while in 2009 there was a greater growth with income that reached almost 325 million dollars.

Aside from offering cheaper energy, the nature of the network marketing of the company is also a great opportunity for customers to enjoy added financial rewards. All the consultant must do is promote and sell the products and services of the brand to enjoy the promised rewards.

Energy services in 12 states

In the core of the business mission of Ambit Energy, it is allowing consumers to save money. As a retail provider of electricity and gas, it offers the most competitive market rates that serve 12 states in the United States. Among these states there are:

  • Washington dc
  • Illinois
  • Rhode Island
  • Texas
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • New York
  • Massachusetts
  • Pennsylvania
  • California
  • Maryland
  • New Jersey

In addition to its profitable services for commercial and residential consumers, the company also presented the prepaid plan in 2010. This plan is available in the Texas area, which offers consumers flexibility in their energy use. The plan comes with intelligent measurement technology to facilitate tracking.

Become a consultant

If you want to earn additional revenue, besides saving on energy costs, one way to do it is to become a consultant for Ambit Energy. As a consultant, one can start a business by simply doing two things. One is to gather loyal customers and the second is to help others to do the same.

To be a consultant, there is a one-time fee of $ 429 you must pay. If it does, the customer can join the marketing compensation plan of the network.

With Ambit Energy, there is no product to sell or inventory to worry about. The consultant should only promote the services and obtain reliable customers to be able to participate in the company's promises.

The Compensation Plan

Helping the consultants to earn money with Ambit Energy are the additional benefits of:

  • Low rates
  • Reward program
  • Free energy

There are also three ways for consultants to gain compensation. As you invite more customers to try the low cost services of the brand, you can receive residual income in the following way:

  1. Bonuses for registrations of new clients
  2. Bonuses when the members of the team sign up for new clients

Enjoy Free Energy

Ambit Energy also connects consultants and clients with its Free Energy program. Both consultants and customers can get free energy following four simple steps:

  1. Sign up for the company's low cost services.
  2. Check your friends to sign up and save money. The goal is to refer 15 or more relatives or friends.
  3. Get credit as you talk about friends. For each person that enrolled, you have the right to credits that will be reflected on your invoice or that are sent through a check.
  4. Share wealth by encouraging references to refer to 15 or more friends to sign up so they can enjoy the Free Energy bonus.

Additional incentives

Since only one of the many US energy providers, Ambit Energy added additional incentives to its program, such as travel rewards to win loyalty to the customer.

Each customer is apt to win and enjoy travel rewards. For each kilowatt hour use, the customer has the right to an equivalent travel point. Once you have accumulated enough points, you can choose between several travel packages.

Another way to enjoy the trip incentive is to refer five or more friends to sign up. Then, go to a travel package that can be worth up to 45,000 points.

What customers say

Ambit Energy can be a reliable network marketing business, but has experienced rapid growth over the years. It has only existed for about 9 years, but has already generated more than $ 1 billion in revenue. Today, it is serving more than 1 million customers in the United States and more consultants take advantage of the business opportunity.

Although the business is working well, customer feedback is a factor to keep in mind at the time of investigating Ambit Energy. Complaints about customer representatives who distribute rewards are common. Doubtful rate increases are always bought, as well as a supposedly poor billing system. In the end, there are many happy clients, but there are also those who are not happy.

However, Ambit Energy seems to be a solid company with a good track record.

Source by Kim J Willis

University of Southern California (USC) Trojans Heisman Trophy Winners – 7 Total Recipients

There have been seven football players from the University of Southern California (USC) Trojans who have won the Heisman Trophy. The seven football players that have won the seven Heisman awards are as follows:

  • Mike Garrett, a halfback, won in 1965
  • OJ Simpson, a tailback, received the award in 1968
  • Charles White, a running back, accepted the honor in 1979
  • Marcus Allen in 1981 became the fourth running back from USC to win the award
  • Carson Palmer was the first quarterback for the Trojans to win the award when he accepted it in 2002
  • Matt Leinart played quarterback for the University of Southern California and received the Heisman award in 2004
  • Reggie Bush in 2005 was named the fifth USC running back to take home the award

With a total of seven Heisman Trophies produced by Southern Cal the institution of higher learning based in Los Angeles, California is tied for the most received by any school. Both the University of Notre Dame and Ohio State University each match the impressive number of seven trophies by a single school. Because Ohio State has the distinction of producing the only two time winner in Archie Griffin Notre Dame and the University of Southern California actually stand together as the only two colleges to produce seven different winners.

The Heisman Trophy is named after football pioneer John Heisman and was first bestowed upon Jay Berwanger of the University of Chicago in 1935. Over the decades the award has become widely accepted as the most highly touted and prestigious individual accolade in the sport of college football. Despite the association of the Heisman being given to the most outstanding college football player, winning the honor has proved to be a guarantee of professional success.

In terms of the seven Trojans players who have had the honor of winning the Heisman Trophy two of those men transitioned from college football to the National Football League (NFL) as the number one overall wins of the NFL Draft in their relevant years. The two players chosen with the first pick of the first round in NFL Drafts are Orenthal James (OJ) Simpson who was taken by the Buffalo Bills in 1969 and Carson Palmer who was selected with the first pick of the 2003 NFL Draft by the Cincinnati Bengals .

Continuous slipping to the number 10 overall pick by the Los Angeles Raiders in 1982 Marcus Allen joined OJ Simpson in 2003 as the only two former USC players to win Heisman Trophies and be inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio.

Top 5 signs of a great mesothelioma lawyer

Finding the best lawyer to represent you in any demand is definitely bound to be a Herculean task. However, its importance can not be won. In terminal cases, you can be sure that the importance is even bigger. This is the case of mesothelioma. This deadly disease affects the most vital organs and, therefore, will often lead to death.

In this case, it would be important for those responsible to pay for the damage caused by your health. As you already know, mesothelioma is mainly thought of exposure to asbestos. Research has shown that there is a direct relationship between exposure to the asbestos and the appearance of mesothelioma.

Mesothelioma is a condition that affects the membranes of the abdomen, as well as the lungs and the heart. This highlights the seriousness of the condition and the importance of obtaining compensation from the parties responsible for the exposure. These could be entrepreneurs who never provided the right protection when they were working with the asbestos or even the manufacturers.

Once you are diagnosed with mesothelioma, it would be important that you gather as much information as possible in support of your claim. This definitely requires an experienced mesothelioma lawyer. This, however, begins the question, what are the signs of a great mesothelioma lawyer? The following questions are the following:

• Has mesothelioma lawyer has the relevant experience? This is especially relative to being familiar with the cases and issues related to mesothelioma. However, you should not use the trial applicant or file a suit to determine. The lawyer must be able to prove that they have won similar cases, in which case, the chances of winning have also increased.

• How much does the lawyer cost? In most cases, lawyers will charge a percentage of compensation benefits ranging from 33% to 40%. As far as cost savings are concerned, it is important that you observe your cost in relation to the quality of the services.

• Who works the lawyer to ensure the success of mesothelioma cases? As you will understand, mesothelioma is a serious and complex illness, and therefore, lawyers need to partner with field experts to improve the chances of success through specific medical evidence.

• Is a mesothelioma lawyer easy to work and confident? As you acknowledge, bets are high in cases of mesothelioma due to the fact that your future and that of your family are in danger. In this case, you should be in a position to work with the lawyer closely to win the case. This is only possible if you can trust them. In this effort, the lawyer should not make any decisions about your case without consulting you.

• How soon can the mesothelioma lawyer work in the case? The severity of the disease is underlined because the patient can not live long after the diagnosis. In this case, it is important that the lawyer establish the case as soon as possible.

Source by Dave Morrison

California Search and Seizure Law

"Search & Seizure"

The Fourth Amendment to the US Constitution states that we have the right to be free from unreasonable "searches and seizures" by law enforcement. This applies to both federal and state agencies.

The Fourth Amendment's rule against unreasonable search and seizures means that police may not search you or your property without one of the following is true:

They have obtained a valid search warrant from a judge, or the search falls within one of a number of exceptions to the warrant requirement recognized by federal and California courts.

Exceptions to the warrant requirement:

Exceptions to the rule that police searches and seizures require a warrant vary depending on the type of property that is being searched.

Cell phones

There are special rules about when police may search "smartphones" and other electronic devices without a warrant.

For example, the exceptions that apply to police searches of cellphones are different from those that apply to police searches of vehicles.

But, generally speaking, exceptions to the warrant requirement for searches and seizures exist for:

Searches / seizures done with someone's voluntary consent;

Searches / seizures incident to a lawful arrest, where the police are looking either for weapons that might be used against them or for criminal evidence that might otherwise be destroyed;

Inspection searches, such as those at international borders;

Searches of vehicles when police have "probable cause" to believe the vehicle contains evidence about a crime (this is known as the "automobile exception" to the warrant requirement);

Searches of obviously incriminating items that are in "plain view" while law enforcement is conducting an otherwise legal search;

Searches / seizures in emergency situations that are necessary to prevent physical harm or serious property damage, or to locate a fleeing suspect;

The "stop and frisk" of a criminal suspect (that is, a search of his / her outer clothing) while s / he is being temporarily dismissed (this is sometimes referred to as "Terry stop"), to look for weapons that might be used against an officer; and

Searches in situations where individuals have no reasonable expectation of privacy.

What happens if I am the victim of an unlawful search or seizure?

If you are the victim of an unlawful search or seizure by police, then you and your California criminal defense attorney can ask the court to exclude this evidence in your case. This is what is known as the "exclusionary rule."

This is usually done through a Penal Code 1538.5 PC motion to suppress evidence, which is an important kind of California pretrial motion.

In order to help you better understand when police can legally search your car or truck in California, our California criminal defense attorneys will address the following:

1. California Search and Seizure Laws and the "Reasonable Expectation of Privacy"

2. California Search Warrants

3. Exceptions to the Warrant Requirement for Searches and Seizures

3.1. Exceptions for searches of homes / residences

3.2. Exceptions for searches of vehicles

3.3. Exceptions for searches of cell phones and computers

3.4. The "plain view" exception

4. The "Exclusionary Rule" and Illegal Searches / Seizures

4.1. "Fruit of the poisonous tree"

1. California Search and Seizure Laws and the "Reasonable Expectation of Privacy"

Search and seizure laws in California have their origins in:

The Fourth Amendment to the US Constitution, and Article I, Section, of the California Constitution.

These constitutional sections provide that all citizens have the right to be free from "unreasonable searches and seizures."

Car Search

The Fourth Amendment to the US Constitution protects you from unreasonable searches and seizures.

But, as a general matter, you are only protected against unreasonable searches and seizures of property in which you have an "expectation of privacy" that is "reasonable."

Here are some examples of places / property in which you have a legitimate expectation of privacy that protects you from searches and seizures:

Your home,
Your cell phone, computer, and other electronic storage devices,
A tent or tarp,
A hotel room, and
Personal property that public school students bring to school.

They have a search warrant, or
One of the exceptions to the warrant requirement applies.

2. California Search Warrants

Many searches / seizures in California are constitutional because they are done with a valid search warrant.

Search warrants must be signed by a judge.

A search warrant must be authorized by a state or federal judge. Warrants grant police the right to search for and / or seize items that either
may be evidence that a California felony has been committed, or
may be evidence that a particular person has committed a felony.

In order to be valid, a search warrant must be based on "probable cause" and must describe specifically both
the area to be searched, and
the property or thing that is being searched.

Reasons that a search warrant itself may be invalid or defective include:

A police officer certainly misled the judge about the facts justifying the warrant (a form of police misconduct that is all too common);

The warrant was not specific enough about the area to be searched or the type of evidence to be searched for; and / or

The judge who issued the warrant was biased.

3. Exceptions to the Warrant Requirement for Searches and Seizures

Some searches or seizures of places / property in which you have a legitimate expectation of privacy are valid even if they were done without a warrant-as long as they fall into one of a long list of widely-recognized "exceptions" to the warrant requirement .

The US Supreme Court has carved out a number of exceptions to the warrant requirement for searches and seizures.

3.1. Exceptions for searches of homes / residences

Police may enter and search your house, apartment, trailer, etc., without a warrant, when one of the following circumferences applies:

You (or someone else with authority over the concessions) have given your consent to a search of your home;

There is imminent danger to life or a threat of serious damage to property; Egypt
The search takes place in connection with a lawful arrest-and is done either for the purpose of protecting the safety of the arresting officers, or for the purpose of safeguarding evidence about the arrest offense that someone might otherwise be able to destroy.

3.2. Exceptions for searches of car

Police may search your car without a warrant under certain circumstances.

Police searches of cars without a warrant may take place when any of the following is true:

You (or someone else with authority to do so) have given your consent to a search of your vehicle;

The police have "probable cause" to believe the car contains contraband or evidence of a crime;

The police are lawfully arresting an occupant of the car-and either the arrestee is within reaching distance of the interior of the car, or it is reasonable to believe the car contains evidence about the crime for which s / he is being arrested;

The police are temporarily detaining an occupant of the car via a Terry stop, and reasonably believe that s / he may be dangerous and have access to weapons stored in the car; Egypt

The car has been lawfully impounded by law enforcement (as may happen if you commit Vehicle Code 14601 driving on a suspended license), and they are conducting an "inventory search."

Once the police catch up with them, they search the car-and find marijuana hidden under a seat.

The marijuana can be used as evidence against Matilda and Nicole, even though the police had no warrant to search the car. Their suspicious behavior-leading the police on a high-speed chase when they approached-created probable cause for a search of their car.

3.3. Exceptions for searches of cell phones and computers

Warrantless searches of computers / electronic devices are allowed in only a few specific circumstances.

Police may search your cell phone-or conduct a search of your computer or hard drive, tablet computer, or other electronic device-without a warrant, under the following circumstances:

When you or someone else with authority over the phone / computer / electronic device consents to the search / seizure;

In an emergency situation, where police can show an immediate need to search a device in order to pursue a fleeing suspect, or assist someone who is seriously injured or compromised with imminent injury; Egypt

When you are carrying the device across an international border (including at airports).

And, finally, if police in California searched your cell phone without a warrant before June 25, 2014, while you were under lawful arrest, plaintiffs probably can use that evidence against you.

This is because-prior to that date-the law in California was such that warrantless cell phone searches under these circumstances

Warrentless cellphone searches incident to arrest were legal in California prior to June 2014.

3.4. The "plain view" exception

The "plain view" exception is another important exception to the warrant rule for California searches and seizures.

Basically, the plain view exception says that when police are searching property legally (with a warrant, or under a warranty exception), they may also search any items that are in "plain view" while they are conducting their search, and obviously incriminating.

4. The "Exclusionary Rule" and Illegal Searches / Seizures

If you are the victim of an illegal search or seizure, then you have the right to have any evidence that the police obtained through that search or seizure "suppressed." This means that the evidence may not be used against you in your criminal jury trial.

You and your California criminal defense attorney can move to suppress evidence obtained from an illegal police search.

This is what is known as the "exclusionary rule" in California law.

Your criminal defense attorney can challenge any evidence from an invalid search / seizure by filing a Penal Code 1538.5 motion to suppress evidence, prior to the start of your trial.

If the motion is granted-and that evidence is key to the prosecution's case against you-then you may be able to get the charges against you reduced, or even neglected altogether.

4.1. "Fruit of the poisonous tree"

The "exclusionary rule" applies not only to evidence that was discovered during an illegal search-but also to evidence that police found as an indirect result of an illegal search.58

This is what is known as the "fruit of the poisonous tree" doctrine.

The "poisonous tree" is the unlawful search or seizure, and the "fruit" is any evidence that the police manages to conceal as an indirect result of the unlawful search or seizure.

Doggin 'Philadelphia: 10 fun things. Watch when you go to your dog

"If your dog is fat," says the old saying, "you're not doing enough exercise." But walking with the dog does not need to be a bit of an exercise. Here are 10 cool things you can see in the city of Philadelphia while walking with your dog.


In 1855, a hotel businessman built a new inn on Rex Avenue. To draw attention to his hospitality, he built an Indian from the old granary tables and supported him on a rock that was in the throat. In 1902, when the Indian Rock Hotel disappeared, but with the silhouette that still existed, artist Massey Rhind was responsible for making a representation of an "Indian Delaware , looking west to where his village has gone ". The kneeling warrior has since observed the Gorg Wissahickon. A path of change of direction leads to the statue of India, where you can get close enough to suffer from the knee. And it enjoys an impressive view.


The route of multiple uses passes through reconstructed houses and parade land that transport them back to the revolution. The National Memorial Arch, a massive stone tribute dedicated in 1917, stands out for the route. The inscription says: "Nudes and appetite, we can not admire the incomparable patience and fidelity of the soldier. Washington to Valley Forge, February 16, 1778." In the southern part of White Clay, reached the Twin Valley Trail, is the Arc Corner Monument that marks an 12-mile arc end that forms the state-wide line of Pennsylvania-Delaware, unique to the making of political boundaries Americans. The circular division dates from the William Penn directive of August 28, 1701, when Delaware was still a part of Pennsylvania, known as the Lower Lowlands. A little more than 1/2 mile west is another monument that marks the triestatal link in Delaware, Pennsylvania and Maryland.


Leaving the forest at various points in the mountains, you will receive an unrivaled view of Granogue, one of the most spectacular of the American castles that mark the land of the Brandywine Valley castle.


Turning concentric circles out of Philadelphia, the Hollywood city explorers of the movie project Oprah Winfrey, Beloved, saw the land of Fair Hill and selected it as the backdrop of the rural scenes of the movie . A nineteenth-century erectile farm was built and much of the movie filmed here. The producers decided to leave the film intact, deteriorating naturally. You can walk between the false buildings and even hit the stones of polystyrene foam.


Where else can a dog go up to a royal battery and scan the Delaware River, where the machine gun officers once pointed to the weapons that could shoot with precision the 1000-pound projectiles at eight miles as it can at the Fort Mott State Park ? Fort DuPont, named by the commander of the Civil War fleet, admiral Samuel Francis duPont, saw active duty in three wars before becoming a state park. The 1-mile River View trail, a grassy loop path, begins in the marsh along the Delaware River and ends in shady forests. The road leads to several ruins of the military facility, camouflaged with river traffic and has sustained views of the Delaware River and Fort Delaware on the Isle of Pea Patch.


In the northernmost section furthest from Tyler State Park is the longest covered bridge in the county of Bucks. The 117-year-old Schofield Ford Covered Bridge bridge was burned in 1991, but after five years of fundraising, the 166-ft 166-foot crossing was completely rebuilt by volunteers on its original stone buttresses using authentic materials and methods. A reinforced, elaborated and reinforced wooden iron rod, crosses a ravine at the Glen Trail. The path runs through a stream beneath the sidewalk and there are panoramic views of Wenonah Woods from above.

A walk through the Brandywine Park offers a quick lesson, it's the history of the bridge architecture. The classic arc shape is represented in great style with the magical stone viaduct that crosses the river and numerous sections of reinforced concrete. There is even a small iron bridge over the mill race. A prototype bridge from the 19th century railway bridge transports trains over Brandywine. And the pedestrian walkway through the water, the Swinging Bridge, is a small hanging bridge that uses the same principles of engineering as the legendary Brooklyn Bridge.

A flood plain is a safety valve for the release of a burning stream overflow. Along the Camí del Molí de Paper, next to the Camino de la Carretera Creek, you will find an exhibition about the management of these protective wetlands that create a unique wildlife habitat. The double arch bridge next to the floodplain exposure was built in 1847. The drop line at the Penny Creek Creek was the natural choice to end the stream of return to India days. William Penn was not so patient at waiting for the tide to take off the water every day and in 1683 he asked that "an order be given to build a bridge over the Pennypack." Each male resident was engraved on money or on a construction site to build the bridge, which, when completed in 1697, became the first Three Arch Stone bridge in America. Named a national civil engineering framework, the bridge over Frankford Avenue at Pennypack Park is the oldest stone bridge that still contains heavy traffic in the United States. Germantown Pike was the first road that began in Montgomery County, dating from the year 1687 when funds were allocated for a "route car" from Philadelphia to the Plymouth Board solution . Later it extended to the current Collegeville, a stone bridge of eight arches was built to cross Skippack Creek in 1792. A horse-drawn route crosses the bridge, which is the oldest bridge of continuous and heavy use in America. Ashland Bridge Covered, built in the days leading up to the Civil War; the adjoining Succession and the Flood Trails of Flood visit meadows, marshes, ponds and forest landscapes.

Theodore Burr built a bridge that dumped the Hudson River in Waterford, New York in 1804. He added a segment of arches to the popular truss bridge popular at that time, achieving a longer reach. Patented in 1817, the Truss Arch Burr became one of the most common in the construction of bridges covered. The Larkin bridge, a 65-foot-long covered bridge, 45 meters long, built in 1854 and rebuilt in 1881, was moved to the northeast section of the park in 1972. The Larkin-covered bridge is the # 39; The only remaining legacy of Milford Mills.

In 1850, Albert Fink, a German railway engineer,

designed and patented a bridge that used a bar network instead of cables to strengthen rigidity. This construction was cheap and robust, the Fink Truss was one of the most used railway bridges in the 1860s, especially favored by the mighty railroad of Baltimore and Ohio. Only a bridge of Fink Truss remains in the United States: an abandoned 108-foot field in Zoarsville, Ohio. A wood reproduction of a Fink Truss is in a field in Warwick County Park for you and your dog to climb.


The first Pennsylvania channel system was paved in 1815 with 120 locks to stretch 108 miles from the coal fields of Schuylkill County in Philadelphia. The railways began to chew the channel business in the 1860s and the last coal barges floated on the Schuylkill River in the 1920s. Currently, the only existing sections of the channel are in Manayunk and Lock 60, built by the donor of Name of the Thomas Oakes area, at the Schuylkill Canal Park. In 1985, the Schuylkill Canal Association was formed to keep the channel flowing and keep the lock and towing path. In 1988, the area was added to the National Registry of Historic Places.


The Taylor Memorial Arboretum offers a self-guided tour of 12 trees. The collection is especially strong in easternmost specimens and highlights three trees from the Pennsylvania State Champion: Needle Juniper, Lacebark Elm and Giant Dogwood. Also on the route is Dawn Redwood, an ancient tree known only through fossils until 1941 when a botanist student tracked the living specimens in rural China. Some of the first seeds that come to America gave rise to this tree. Released from its neighbors who steal the sun from the crowded forest, the "King" and "Queen" White Oaks have spread to a massive canopy of leaves. The "Queen" measures seventeen feet around the thickest part of the trunk and the "King" is closer to twenty. The two trees are part of the collection of "Penn's Woods" of 139 standing trees when William Penn came to survey his colony of Pennsylvania.

The old trees are on the last stop of the natural path. bacterial infection. The Awbury grove in Germantown was the summer farm of the Quaker 19 Century shipping merchant, Henry Cope. Along the 55 acres are plantations of forests and clusters of trees in the middle of large ranges of grss fields in the English tradition of the landscape garden. You can investigate more than 200 species, mostly native, in your informal site explorations. The old macadam paths lead to the majority of property areas in an odd way. Also in the humid areas that surround an artificial lake.


While many of the Hospital Farm's buildings have disappeared, the only farmer of milk is preserved. Built in 1914, it has a four-spoke wheel shape. The reputation of the hospital's dairy product operation was widespread. Only in 1961, nine cows produced 1.1 million pounds of milk – more than 300 pounds of milk per cow per day. The Visitors Center is a restoration of a Sears & Roebuck email beginner from 1923. A century ago Sears was shipping through mail, including kits to build houses and barns. The kit, which could cost only a few hundred dollars, depending on the style, would include rough strawberries, frames of bindings, boards, counters, hardware, fringe and paint. Normally sent by train from the west, the granite kit will be loaded onto a freight wagon and will be moved to the building to be mounted by local carpenters.


About forty million years ago there was an igneous explosion here and cooled very quickly leaving behind a particularly good granite rock. Tourists and geology students made the pilgrimage to the French Watercourses in order to study rock formations. Granite quarries extracted the rock and granite of Saint Peters once they received a prize at the Colombian World Exposition of 1893 in Chicago as "a polished elegant cube, a good building and ornamental stone." The quarries were closed in the 1960's and many pitches can still be seen. Today, the giant rocks of the river of France are ideal for your dog to stay in the sand or just stay in the sun. Mountain in State Game Land # 157. The mountain is essentially a crest of diabase rocks and the path upwards demands an almost continuous rock, a technique called bouldering. Basalt rock provides incredible traction.

And our vote for the coolest of all traces of Philadelphia: the "Rock Ringing" in the Ringing Rocks Park, where the rocks are pinged when they are beaten by a hammer, or in "dead" places.

Copyright 2006

Source by Doug Gelbert

California Pet Friendly Vacations Are Becoming Easier to Find

As both a dog lover and a vacation rental home owner, I have often encountered the subject of travelling with a beloved pet. While just a few short years ago, it was relatively rare to find hotel accommodation that would welcome, or at least, put up with my well behaved and lovable Boxer, Ouzo. Occasionally while we travelled up Interstate 5 in California, we would stop at the beautiful Harris Ranch. One, because it’s a great stop over with beautiful accommodations and superb food, mid way for us on our drive as well. But also, they treat Fido the way WE treat Fido, with love and care! They even provide a small sign to put on your door so people know there is a dog in the room.

Personally, I know that one reason I loved travelling with Ouzo ( now passed on) is because he was so fun to be with! Not at all a hassle, and always very well behaved in any new place. So, when I became the owner of a great vacation beach rental home, it was a no brainer for me to accept dogs. I know that for the most part, if people want to be with their pets, it’s because the pets are nice to be around, and are well behaved.

What should you expect as a pet owner who is travelling through California or who wants to rent a fun vacation property rental? First off, most hotels, motels and California holiday rentals will require a small pet deposit, which will be refundable upon your departure as long as no damage was done. (We know your precious pooch would NEVER damage anything, it’s just like insurance is all!) In over ten years of renting out to dog lovers, I have never had to retain the $50.00 per pet deposit I collect.

Dog friendly may mean different things to different people. Be sure you know just what to expect before you book the hotel room or holiday home. Ask questions about things such as floor coverings, as this can be important for your dog’s comfort. Plan to bring along some of your pet’s familiar things to make them feel at home – toys or bedding for instance. Many pet friendly places do provide dishes and water bowls for your pet, but think about bringing something familiar here as well, to add to the comfort and lessen the strangeness of new surroundings.

Check out in advance a good place to walk the dog, the owner or booking agent should be able to provide that info. Our vacation home offers a beach accommodation. If your visit is to a beach vacation house, make sure you know in advance that the beach is dog friendly, as well. Many California beaches do not allow dogs. Our beach, Dillon Beach, in Northern California, allows dogs to run free at water’s edge, which they just love! Nothing like a day chasing birds at the shore to make for a tired and happy dog at the end of the day! Having fun together and relaxing in the evening is what I want for my guests and their “kids”, even the 4 footed kind!

Costs of incorporating or forming an LLC

The decision to form an LLC or incorporate can help you protect your personal assets from the debts and obligations of your business. Unfortunately, many small business owners avoid doing this because they assume it's too expensive. For a few hundred dollars, these small businesspeople could form an LLC and obtain valuable protection that one day could protect them in case of demand.

The incorporation or constitution of a limited liability company is not necessarily expensive. There are many entities to choose from, as well as states, each with their own costs. You can also choose to work with a lawyer to incorporate your business, which is usually the most expensive option. If you want to save money, you can do your own incorporation, but this can be complicated because even simple paperwork errors can cost you later. For many small business owners, the best option is to use a corporate services company, which is an affordable option to make sure your documentation is correct and that it was presented quickly with the status.

The following costs are predictable if you are ready to join.

Presentation rates

A presentation fee is required to create an LLC or a corporation. The exact rate will depend on the state you are incorporating, but it usually ranges from $ 50 to $ 350. The cheapest option is to form a Delaware LLC, since the state has been It has the lowest presentation rate in the United States. Just remember that the cost is not your only consideration, and the incorporation of Delaware may not be of your best interest.

Publishing commissions

If you will be incorporated in Pennsylvania, Arizona, Georgia or Nebraska, you will have to pay a publication fee of $ 150 to $ 300.

Fees of the annual report

Normally, this rate fluctuates between $ 25 and $ 200 and depends on your incorporation status.

Franchises Taxes

This rate will continue and will be paid every year. Most small businesses pay between $ 800 and $ 1,000, and there is usually a minimum and maximum tax amount that you will pay based on the type of entity you choose and the number of shares that emit For example, the franchise tax in Delaware is a minimum of $ 350, but it can reach $ 180,000 for large corporations. Delaware has the lowest tax rates in the country.

Other costs

You should also consider other charges that depend on the type of business you are using. For example, it may entail costs to obtain necessary business licenses or set up a commercial bank account.

If you are interested in incorporating or forming an LLC at the lowest possible cost, start considering the state in which you will be incorporated. It is not necessary to operate on the state you choose, but it may be more affordable to choose your originating status if it is the only state in which it operates. If you are thinking of another state, observe your tax rate and compare it with your account.

It can also help you overcome your options with a corporate services company or a lawyer to choose the right business structure. This decision must be made not only considering the costs of incorporation, but also fiscal advantages, continuous maintenance, formalities and property structure.

Source by Christine Layton

Enforcing a Sanctions Order in California

This article will briefly discuss enforcing a sanctions order entered in a California Court. The sanctions could arise from discovery sanctions, sanctions from an Anti-SLAPP Motion, or any other monetary sanctions that can be ordered by a Court in the State of California whether the case is a civil case, or a family law or probate case.

In California many attorneys and other legal professionals are not aware that sanctions ordered against a party, or opposing counsel are enforceable in the same way as a money judgment; in other words a writ of execution may be issued by the court and levied on the property of the person sanctioned. See Code of Civil Procedure Sections 680.230, 680.270, and 699.510.

Many attorneys and other legal professionals seem unaware that sanctions can be enforced by execution and will instead request that the sanctioned party be held in contempt for failure to pay. Many judges prefer that the execution procedures be used, and will not allow contempt proceedings for collection purposes at least until after other methods such as execution have been attempted.

Another alternative is to ask the court for a judgment based on the order that issued the sactions, and then record an abstract of judgment. This will create a judgment lien on the sanctioned party’s or attorney’s home or other reqal property assets. To obtain an abstract of judgment, a specific order directing issuance of a judgment is required in some courts to prevent harassing opposing parties in situations in which the sanctions are likely to be paid.

Other judgment collection methods may also be used such as:

Examination of Judgment Debtor.

Third-Party Examination.

Creditor’s Suit.

Any other methods authorized to be used in collecting a judgment.

As shown by this article there are numerous ways to enforce a sanctions order. And because the sanctions order is considered the same as a money judgment the sanctions order is enforceable for ten (10) years and may be renewed in the same manner as a money judgment.

Also the sanctions order accrues simple interest at the rate of ten (10%) percent per year. So for example a sanctions order that is six (6) years old has increased by sixty (60%) percent. Thus it clearly makes sense for all all attorneys and law firms with numerous sanctions orders to review all such sanctions orders to determine the viability of their enforcement and eventual collection.

The author sincerely hopes you have enjoyed this article.

Yours Truly,

Stan Burman

Copyright 2012 by Stan Burman. All rights reserved.