Foreign education and drainage of the brain
Some students prefer to continue their education in another country for different reasons. They may want to learn the language of the host country, learn the primary resources of resources at hand, or they may have political and social problems in their country that will allow them to go to another country to study (brain drain). Or the reason may be familiar with the culture of other countries; In fact, in the era of globalization, this impulse of cross-cultural culture has been reinforced. People are aware of the facilities in other countries or strong points in a special scientific field and start to get that knowledge.
In some countries, there are consultants of foreign students that have communication with different universities in some countries and that give students information about the course, the payment, the scholarships and help to make them Application buyers and guide on the visa process. Therefore, the tendency to find the right university has been easier.
In the United States, the first foreigner study began in 1923. Professor Raymond W. Kirkbride, instructor of the Department of Modern Languages of the University of Delaware, offered his plan to the president of the university. His plan, Delaware Foreign Study, was accepted and, at a time when America liked staying isolated, eight students were sent to France to study.
Starting this moment, student delivery has continued in different ways. One way is Winterim or the winter session, in which the student participates in the educational program in a short period between the autumn and spring semesters. Study duration may vary from one week to an entire academic year. Today, students from the United States prefer the United Kingdom to study in other countries and then in Italy and Spain.
On the other hand, joining the states is the main host for foreign students. "It has the largest student population in the world, with about 600,000 students who choose to expand their education and life experience in the United States. Almost 4% of all students enrolled in higher education are international students and numbers are growing. " However, the rate of acceptance of US students has changed over time and has not always been steadily growing.
For example, after the September 11 attacks on the Union Trade Center, the restrictions and limitations imposed on the issuance of student visas, especially in Arab Muslim countries, diminished the number of # 39; students. In the scope of elevation of students from suspicious countries, most Muslim and Arab countries, a proposal was presented to the congress that "restricted the eligibility for student visits.
On the other hand, those who study there were problems with the return of universities, even some of them forced to leave their studio. These restrictions were implemented while the large student visa forms a small percentage of people who enter all of the United States. Therefore, difficult measures against students seem irrational in some way.
Moving away from education in the United States may have other reasons, apart from interests. Many students and scientists from other developing countries prefer to remain in America and continue their scientific work due to social and political problems in their countries. This growing tendency is known as brain drain. "The term originated around 1960, when many British scientists and intellectuals emigrated to the United States to achieve a better working environment."
It can be simply defined as the massive immigration of technically qualified people from one country to another country. "Cerebral meltdown can have many reasons, such as the political instability of a nation, the lack of # 39 Opportunities, health risks, personal conflicts, etc. The brain meltdown can also be called "human capital flight" because it is similar to capital flight, which involves massive migration of financial capital . "
Examining the reason for the brain drain in different areas has given rise to different causes. For example, in the "Middle East", the lack of some basic facilities and services are the reasons for mass migration in these areas.
In Asia Unemployment, the explosion of the population and corrupt political systems are the main reasons for the migration of skilled workers in this area.
In countries like India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, graduates, postgraduates, experienced and skilled professionals do not get enough opportunities to develop and succeed. So with the dreams of development, these professionals leave their native country to look for a better future. This brain drain is a great loss for these developing countries. "Like the African continent," according to a survey, Ethiopia lost 75% of skilled workers in 1980-1991. "
Studying in another country can be a good way to get acquainted with other cultures far from learning specific knowledge. Therefore, if each country provides employment opportunities for these graduates and benefits their welfare, they will benefit from sending their students instead of losing ones. Graduates with a broad attitude, knowing experiences from other nations, and other experiences such as self-sufficiency, a result of life, apart from the family, could probably think, manage and manage the work of # 39 ; a better way