Traditionally, the definition of a prisoner's camp is a place for the containment of combatants who have been captured by their enemy in a time of war. It is based in the same way on the principles of an internment camp that would have been used by the civilian population.
Although a war prisoner is usually an army member, it is likely that in a time of crisis the civilian population, as well as the POW's, can be mixed. Like any country in the world, America has had its share of the prisoners of war camps throughout its history. During the American Civil War, POW camps were established along the eastern coast of New York in Georgia and were populated by enemy battles of various nationalities such as English, French or German.
During the United States Civil War, the camps of prisoners of war spread to both the Union and the Confederate. The prison camps of both sides fueled many rumors and facts that exposed the atrocities derived from famine and famine, abundant infectious diseases, cold and most were resolved in many cases of deaths with hundreds of daily prisoners. In general, high mortality rates were attributed to undernourishment, to extremely poor health conditions and to a lack of fuel. The drug shortage contributed enormously, as well as the mistreatment of the sheep that showed the prisoners on both sides. With the great amount of hatred generated by both parties, the inevitable conditions escaped the media scrutiny at all levels.
Delaware has been the home of several POW camps over the years. Especially in Fort Delaware, located near the city of Delaware. Fort Delaware was originally conceived as a port defense facility in 1859. It is located on the Isle of Pea Patch along the Delaware River. During the Civil War, the Union had control of Fort Delaware and used it as a prison to lodge confederate prisoners of war captured within its walls.
The fort is indeed a massive fortress composed of granite and brick. Surrounding the fort there are its enormous walls of 30 feet of thickness that have a height of 32 feet. During the nineteenth century he was equipped with the most modern defenses of his time. To access the fortress, enter the port of Sally, crossing a drawbridge and, transversally, a 30-foot moat that surrounds the fort on all sides.
Fort Delaware is currently a park maintained by the State Parks Service. More than a hundred years ago, the thousands of captured Confederate soldiers had taken to the city of Delaware, close, to wait for the transport to the great location of Pea Patch Island. Life on the island has been recreated to show how it was during the year 1863 with Union troops practicing their daily exercises to the various craftsmen they needed to live day by day.
The second main location of the POW activities in the state of Delaware went to Fort DuPont. This fort is separated by the channel of branches of the city of Delaware. This is another park that maintains the state park agency in Delaware. Many of the current buildings are the only ones that were used when the installation was used to accommodate German soldiers captured during WWII.
Located on the banks of the Delaware River, the fort was active during the War of 1812, where guns were mounted to defend the communities of the Delaware River against the British that gathered. During the construction of the American civil war, the construction of the Ten Gun battery began. The fort has been used as a training trim in the 20th century for the Second World War and the Second World War. His fame was during World War II, where there were more than 3,000 soldiers stationed there. At the height of being a temporary camp of armed prisoners, it contained soldiers German and Italian. In 1945 there were two waves of German prisoners who were transferred to Boston from the fort. The first wave was consulted at 1,750 while the second wave that followed soon was composed of another 2,000. Following the success of the transfer of POW prisoners, the fort was dismantled by the Army and delivered to the State of Delaware. At the moment it is the Governor Bacon Health Center, while in 1992 a part of the fort was dedicated as a state park.
Although Fort Delaware and Fort DuPont can now be nothing more than a recreational area for the enjoyment of the holidays, I have to reflect on the idea that at the moments of the breakdown of the infrastructure, both fortified times could be To return to become a POW field or possibly containment suspected citizens of various disorderly crimes? Only time will tell.
Copyright @ 2010 Joseph Parish